- How many exclusive competences have been given to the EU?
- What is the role of the EU institutions?
- Can the EU make laws?
- Can the EU impose laws on the UK?
- What power does European Parliament have?
- How does the EU make decisions?
- Does WTO law have direct effect in EU law?
- What are the exclusive competences of the EU?
- What power does the EU have over member states?
- Does EU law supersede UK law?
- Does the EU Parliament have any power?
- Which countries are the main EU institutions in?
- What are the 4 main institutions of the EU?
- Is EU law common or civil?
- How is new EU legislation made part of the EEA Agreement?
- What is competence EU law?
- What is supporting competence?
- What is the European Commission and what does it do?
- Which EU institution is the most powerful?
How many exclusive competences have been given to the EU?
Glossary of summaries These competences are defined in Articles 2-6 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (TFEU).
There are 4 types of competences: exclusive (Article 3 TFEU) only the EU can act in these areas e.g.
customs union & trade policy; shared between the EU and EU countries (Article 4 TFEU)..
What is the role of the EU institutions?
The EU has an institutional framework aimed at promoting and defending its values, objectives and interests, the interests of its citizens and those of its member countries. This framework also contributes to ensuring the coherence, effectiveness and continuity of EU policies and actions.
Can the EU make laws?
The European Parliament, elected by EU citizens, makes new laws with the Commission and Council. … Proposals have not yet been adopted to allow it to initiate legislation, require the Commission to be from the Parliament, and reduce the power of the Court of Justice.
Can the EU impose laws on the UK?
As a member of the European Union, section 2 of the European Communities Act 1972 (c. 68) made provision for EU legislation to become law in the UK in two ways. Some EU legislation was directly applicable to the UK. This meant that it applied automatically in UK law, without any action required by the UK.
What power does European Parliament have?
The Parliament is a co-legislator, it has the power to adopt and amend legislation and decides on the annual EU budget on an equal footing with the Council. It supervises the work of the Commission and other EU bodies and cooperates with national parliaments of EU countries to receive their input.
How does the EU make decisions?
Ordinary legislative procedure The Council is an essential EU decision-maker. It negotiates and adopts new EU legislation, adapts it when necessary, and coordinates policies. In most cases, the Council decides together with the European Parliament through the ordinary legislative procedure, also known as ‘codecision’.
Does WTO law have direct effect in EU law?
Abstract. WTO law does not require its direct effect in domestic legal orders. … The analysis focuses notably on the EU where the debate has expanded more than anywhere else and concludes that direct effect should, even in the name of fairness or justice, be handled with caution.
What are the exclusive competences of the EU?
The EU have exclusive competence in the following areas:customs union;the establishing of competition rules necessary for the functioning of the internal market;monetary policy for euro area countries;conservation of marine biological resources under the common fisheries policy;common commercial policy;More items…•
What power does the EU have over member states?
The EU has the power to lay down the rules on value added tax, for example, but making or changing those rules requires every country to agree. So every member has a veto when it comes to VAT and other taxes. The EU has adopted a Charter of Fundamental Rights to limit its own powers.
Does EU law supersede UK law?
The UK has accepted the supremacy of EU law for some time The European Communities Act, passed by Parliament in 1972, accepted the supremacy of EU law. That principle has also been endorsed by the UK courts.
Does the EU Parliament have any power?
Although the European Parliament has legislative power, as does the Council, it does not formally possess the right of initiative – which is a prerogative of the European Commission – as most national parliaments of the member states do.
Which countries are the main EU institutions in?
They are, as listed in Article 13 of the Treaty on European Union:the European Parliament,the European Council (of Heads of Government),the Council of the European Union (of national Ministers, a Council for each area of responsibility),the European Commission,the Court of Justice of the European Union,More items…
What are the 4 main institutions of the EU?
The main European Institutions are: the European Council, the European Commission, the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament.
Is EU law common or civil?
Prima facie, the EU has a large body of treaties and regulations that may be seen as codes. Its law is also further shaped by case law by the European Court of Justice (ECJ). Thus, the EU merges civil law and common law elements.
How is new EU legislation made part of the EEA Agreement?
How is new EU legislation incorporated into the EEA Agreement? In order to be applicable in the EEA, EU acts have to be incorporated into the EEA Agreement, more concretely into one of its Annexes or Protocols. These amendments to the EEA Agreement are done by means of Joint Committee Decisions (JCDs).
What is competence EU law?
the EU has exclusive competence (Article 3 TFEU) (only the EU can act) … the EU has competence to support, coordinate or supplement the actions of the Member States (article 6 TFEU) – in these areas, the EU may not adopt legally binding acts that require the Member States to harmonise their laws and regulations.
What is supporting competence?
Supporting competence. The Union has exclusive competence to make directives and conclude international agreements when provided for in a Union legislative act as to … the customs union. the establishing of the competition rules necessary for the functioning of the internal market.
What is the European Commission and what does it do?
The European Commission is the executive of the European Union. This means that it is responsible for initiating laws, enforcing the laws of the EU and managing the EU’s policies.
Which EU institution is the most powerful?
The most powerful institution is the Council. The Commission has few powers of coercion, although its neutral role and the depth of specialised knowledge it has acquired over the years give it plenty of scope for persuasion. The Commission is much less powerful than the Council.